Melasma And Its Treatment

Otherwise known as mask of pregnancy or chloasma, melasma frequently occurs as irregular spots of tan, dark skin, mostly among women taking oral or patch contraceptives in addition to pregnant women. Others who are also vulnerable to chloasma are women who are pregnant or are undergoing (HRT) hormone replacement therapy. Individuals of Jewish, Russian, and German descent have also been known to be prone to having facial pigmentation/discoloration thanks to melasma, which has been shown in recent studies on skin conditions.

The most usually afflicted parts of the body by melasma include the upper cheeks, forehead, upper lip, nose, in addition to lips, which can further in coverage as time progresses. In the medical world, melasma is explained as a kind of skin discoloration caused by the stimulation of pigment-producing cells that are called melanocytes by female sex hormones (e.g., estrogen and progesterone) to produce large unusual amounts of melanin when the skin exposed to too much sunlight.

Melasma treatment is sought after by many to remove the unsightly patches of tan skin which can mar one’s looks considerably. It is quite fortunate for women who are pregnant or are on contraceptives that the dark patches of discolored skin will commonly just progressively disappear on their own after a few months or so after giving birth or stopping their intake of contraceptives. The same can also go for many women undergoing HRT.

Melasma treatment methods are varied and chiefly serve to make it possible for the patches of discolored skin to fade away faster or lessen in prominence. Examples of ways of melasma treatment can consist of using a topical depigmenting agent called hydroquinone (HQ) that hinders the making of tyrosinase. This treatment works since tyrosinase is a necessary enzyme in the making of melanin. Another method used in melasma treatment is the use of tretinoin, which increases the number of skin cells that are produced. Unfortunately, pregnant women can not make use of this treatment way due to the possibility that it may harm their pregnancy. Azelaic acid, when used, is another alternative way and works by hindering the activity of the melanocytes; chemical peels with glycolic acid and facial peels with alpha hydroxyacids can also serve as a means to eliminate melasma. A laser treatment using the Fraxel laser is also another process of melasma removal.

For each person, the nature of the technique to be used to treat their melasma is different, since one process can vary in effectiveness from person to person. But no matter what kind of technique of treatment one selects, the individual must avoid sun exposure after undergoing the treatment. Treatment will slowly show results, so it is very important that one should avoid the sun for the time being. For best results, it is extremely recommended that you apply sunscreen on your face and body everyday.

Hyperpigmentation And Its Examples

Before hyperpigmentation may be discussed, we should first delve into the meaning of the term “pigmentation.” Simply put, skin pigmentation is the color of a person’s skin. The body produces a substance called melanin through its skin cells. The darker a person’s skin color is, the more melanin there is in their epidermis. Skin pigmentation is mainly determined by the racial ethnicity of the person and the amount of sun exposure they get each day. Different people have different skin pigmentations because of these reasons.

Hyperpigmentation is caused by the over production of melanin in a person’s body and manifests as the darkening of parts of the skin. Due to hyperpigmentation, darker spots that do not match the surrounding areas will commonly manifest on the skin. Research has revealed that the main causes behind hyperpigmentation are skin injuries, skin inflammation as well as sun damage. In connection to hyperpigmentation, there are many of diseases and conditions that are connected to the darkening of the skin. Here are several kinds of examples: Addison’s disease, acanthosis nigricans, melasma, porphyria, Cushing’s disease, Peutz-Jeghers syndrome, melanosis, haemochromatosis, linea nigra, Celiac disease, Cronkite-Canada syndrome, and Tinea fungal infections. The well-known kinds of hyperpigmentation are sun spots, freckles, age spots, as well as liver spots. There are even some chemicals that are said to cause hyperpigmentation such as salicylic acid, cisplatin, and bleomycin. People of Asian, African as well as Mediterranean descent are considered as the most susceptible to hyperpigmentation. Too much sun’s rays will also make you more prone to it.

Hyperpigmentation can greatly affect one’s looks. In a world where physical appearance is considered as very important, hyperpigmentation can seriously hinder one from being “beautiful”. Beauty makes having a good complexion an essential. Hyperpigmentation can be a hindrance towards this. The discoloured spots of skin are often the most visible parts of the body when it comes to hyperpigmentation. To name a few parts, these are the neck, face, scalp, nape, hands as well as forearms. A lot of people are ashamed to show the unsightly dark patches of skin. They try to cover them up with clothes or cosmetics. It is fortunate that there are now many ways to treat hyperpigmentation. Skin lightening products are commonly used for this reason. Skin lightening products may contain any of the following substances: tretinoin (Retinol), azelaic acid, licorice extract, kojic acid, topical glucocorticoids, alpha hydroxy acids, ascorbic acid, and hydroquinone.

Hyperpigmentation makes the skin unattractive, even if it is typically harmless. A lot of people wish for their hyperpigmentation to disappear because the affected parts are noticeably darker than their real skin tone. A solution can be found by using pigmentation creams prescribed by doctors. On the other hand, all will be pointless if the afflicted individual still goes out under the sun’s rays.


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