Melasma And Its Treatment

Otherwise known as mask of pregnancy or chloasma, melasma frequently occurs as irregular spots of tan, dark skin, mostly among women taking oral or patch contraceptives in addition to pregnant women. Others who are also vulnerable to chloasma are women who are pregnant or are undergoing (HRT) hormone replacement therapy. Individuals of Jewish, Russian, and German descent have also been known to be prone to having facial pigmentation/discoloration thanks to melasma, which has been shown in recent studies on skin conditions.

The most usually afflicted parts of the body by melasma include the upper cheeks, forehead, upper lip, nose, in addition to lips, which can further in coverage as time progresses. In the medical world, melasma is explained as a kind of skin discoloration caused by the stimulation of pigment-producing cells that are called melanocytes by female sex hormones (e.g., estrogen and progesterone) to produce large unusual amounts of melanin when the skin exposed to too much sunlight.

Melasma treatment is sought after by many to remove the unsightly patches of tan skin which can mar one’s looks considerably. It is quite fortunate for women who are pregnant or are on contraceptives that the dark patches of discolored skin will commonly just progressively disappear on their own after a few months or so after giving birth or stopping their intake of contraceptives. The same can also go for many women undergoing HRT.

Melasma treatment methods are varied and chiefly serve to make it possible for the patches of discolored skin to fade away faster or lessen in prominence. Examples of ways of melasma treatment can consist of using a topical depigmenting agent called hydroquinone (HQ) that hinders the making of tyrosinase. This treatment works since tyrosinase is a necessary enzyme in the making of melanin. Another method used in melasma treatment is the use of tretinoin, which increases the number of skin cells that are produced. Unfortunately, pregnant women can not make use of this treatment way due to the possibility that it may harm their pregnancy. Azelaic acid, when used, is another alternative way and works by hindering the activity of the melanocytes; chemical peels with glycolic acid and facial peels with alpha hydroxyacids can also serve as a means to eliminate melasma. A laser treatment using the Fraxel laser is also another process of melasma removal.

For each person, the nature of the technique to be used to treat their melasma is different, since one process can vary in effectiveness from person to person. But no matter what kind of technique of treatment one selects, the individual must avoid sun exposure after undergoing the treatment. Treatment will slowly show results, so it is very important that one should avoid the sun for the time being. For best results, it is extremely recommended that you apply sunscreen on your face and body everyday.

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This entry was posted on Friday, September 10th, 2010 at 3:26 pm and is filed under Uncategorized. You can follow any responses to this entry through the RSS 2.0 feed. Responses are currently closed, but you can trackback from your own site.

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